At the protein level, 29 percent of genes code for the same amino sequences in chimps and humans. Check your email! One of the main problems with comparing DNA segments between different organisms that contain regions of strong dissimilarity is that the computer program commonly used (called BLASTN) stops matching DNA when it hits regions that are markedly different. It performs many important jobs in the cell. Although the human and chimpanzee genomes overall are only about 84.4% similar, some regions have high similarity, mostly due to protein-coding genes. [l] Orphan genes appear suddenly in the pattern of life as unique sections of genetic code with no hint of evolutionary history. 17:1675–1689 (www.eupedia.com/forum/threads/25335-Percentage-of-genetic-similarity-between-humans-and-animals). If the creation narrative from the Bible is true, we would expect exactly what we see in today’s ape-kinds. 324:522-528. [xxiii], Unfortunately, the research paper describing the 2005 chimp draft genome avoided the problem of overall average genome similarity with humans by analyzing the regions of the genomes that were already known to be highly similar. Then the human genome was removed, leaving a pseudo-chimp genome that assumed common ancestry (evolution), creating a mongrel sequence that is not real. The amount of information is 3,000 million 'letters' because of the complementary pairing to make the base pairs—you only need the letters of one DNA strand to construct the other. This actually looks like a broken gene. [xx] “Human-Chimp Genetic Similarity: Is the Evolutionary Dogma Valid?” Institute for Creation Research: www.icr.org/article/6197/. If not, then offer the fact that the chimp genome has 3.3 billion, and the human genome 3.1 billion bases. But even with this evolutionary bias, the actual differences are much bigger than 1%. Over 250 different types of human cells actively use the gene! 90%? For this reason, they focused on DNA segments that they knew would be highly similar between animals, such as blood globin proteins and mitochondrial DNA (DNA which is inherited from the mother). The living populations of the chimp kind include four species that can interbreed. They selected similar regions for comparison, because you cannot glean any meaningful comparisons between two DNA sequences that exist only in one and not the other. The researchers then assembled all the small sequences of chimp DNA together to estimate the complete genome. [ii] People quote this statistic in hundreds of textbooks, blogs, videos, and even scientific journals. Because it contains human sequences, it appears more human than the chimp genome in fact is. Assumptions have to be made about the importance of various parts of the DNA and the significance of different types of differences. The information is encoded in the sequencing of four chemical bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). Share on Facebook. For some time, studies concerning the commonality between chimps and humans modified the commonality of 99% to a commonality of only 94%, showing that the genetic gap between humans and chimpanzees was far larger than originally thought, but more recent knowledge states the difference between humans, chimpanzees, and bonobos at just about 1.0–1.2% again. When scientists talk about a creature’s genome, they refer to one set of chromosomes. It's not quite the same thing. With cats, of course the common ancestor is going to look somewhat like the cats, have similar functions to the cats, so I’m not sure how the argument really applies to bats and dolphins based upon the actual standards of what a common ancestor can or cannot be. Evolutionary scientists disregard this to maintain a consensus that chimpanzees are closest to humans on the hypothetical evolutionary tree. Figure 2. The computer settings can be changed to reject DNA sequences that are not similar enough for the research needs. However, continual discoveries of important cellular roles for “pseudogenes” keep surprising evolutionists, who expect junk but keep finding functional genetic design. [xlvi] Y.Z. After junk DNA became entrenched in textbooks, scientists began testing the 95% to see if cells use it for something other than protein codes. I often discuss issues with evos (evolutionists), who pose interminable questions, mostly for the purpose of attempting to discredit Creator God, under guise of seeking truth. Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are sandy-furred, pink-faced monkeys that live in the region ranging from Afghanistan to northern India, as well as southern China, and are traditionally held as sacred in Hinduism. Human, plant, and animal DNA is packaged into separate packages called chromosomes. Point 4 – The Beta-globin Pseudogene is not a pseudogene! Why does this matter? [xxxiii] New Genome Comparison Finds Chimps, Humans Very Similar at the DNA Level, 2005, National Human Genome Research Institute (www.genome.gov/15515096). Another case of textbook evidence for human evolution is the GULO pseudogene. They instead reveal how sensible is the idea that God created human chromosome 2. [xlv] They supposedly represent more genetic junk from a messy evolutionary past. Their obsession with evolution is ruining science. The DNA of a cow and a whale should be more alike than the DNA of a cow and a bacterium. The human-chimp DNA similarity “research” works almost the same way. I told him that my 1982 Honda was 95% the same as an armored tank. This is equal to a 15% difference, or 360 million+ base pair differences. Also, the other genes in the GULO biochemical pathway produce proteins that aid other important cellular processes. Monkeys share about 93% of their DNA with us, and the other apes (greater and lesser) share somewhere between 95-99% of their DNA with us. Later that Day, God made a single man in His own image, and He gave him an everlasting spirit or soul (Genesis 2:7). Another useful question asks, “How could only 1–2% DNA difference account for such major body differences between humans and chimps, like thousands of new genes, different hand, muscle and brain architecture, and the 40 facial muscles that humans use to communicate, compared with the dozen or so in chimp faces?”. No wonder junk DNA advocates grow quiet. In fact, chimps are more closely related to humans than they are to gorillas. Plans/specifications only come from intelligent design. The Genome Sequence of Taurine Cattle: A Window to Ruminant Biology and Evolution. 98%? Across 15% of their genetic code, or genome, gorillas are closer to humans than chimpanzees. Humans, chimpanzees and monkeys share DNA but not gene regulatory mechanisms by American Society of Human Genetics Humans share over 90% of their DNA with their primate cousins. Print. This family includes orangutans, chimpanzees, gorillas, and bonobos. One key argument that evolutionists use to support the human-chimp story is the supposed fusion of two ape-like chromosomes to form human chromosome number two. [xxvi] Again, this showed at least a 14% difference—not the fake 1%. Human and chimp DNA is so similar because the two species are so closely related. These are for example only. Last, the claimed fusion site contains a gene, proof that it is not a genetic scar at all. This supposedly explains why both of them have the same supposedly broken genes, called pseudogenes. So, many creatures and humans can tolerate a damaged GULO gene by consuming plenty of vegetables with vitamin C. The GULO gene region and the mutations that likely damaged it link to a system that use transposable elements. Our common ancestor had a gene that mutated. Genome Research. Your subscription already exists. Another story that evolutionists use to promote human-ape ancestry holds that humans and chimps shared the same genetic mistakes. [vii] The 98% similarity claim fails on this basis alone. It seems like mutations have garbled its once-useful code. At other times, they talk about certain DNA sequences being 98 to 99% similar. Chimps can’t do that either—their fingers are curved, their thumbs are both tiny and set further back on their wrists than humans, and they are missing the flexor pollicis longus—the major muscle that controls thumb dexterity in humans. Scientists have long known that chimps and humans share about 98 percent of their DNA. [v] Jerry Bergman, Hitler and the Nazis Darwinian Worldview: How the Nazis Eugenic Crusade for a Superior Race Caused the Greatest Holocaust in World History, (Kitchener, Ontario, Canada: Joshua Press, 2012). We should evaluate the major evidences that exposes the 98% myth and supports the current conclusion that the actual similarity is 84.4%, or a difference of 15%, which translates to over 360 million base pairs’ difference. These chemicals called bases (they're like the letters of the alphabet of our DNA). In 2011, Dr. Tompkins compared 40,000 chimp DNA sequences (after removing them from the human-genome scaffold bias) that were about 740 bases long and already known to be highly similar to human. similarity claimed between humans and chimps… Fortunately, exciting new research shows why science supports Scripture’s documentation of creation. This means the cell accesses it more often than the others. (Slight differences exist between using the 2004 assembly, which made the data look more human than the unbiased 2018 assembly). [vii] See: http://useast.ensembl.org/Homo_sapiens/Info/Annotation. This video is so incredible, so we had to share it with you here. [xxxvii] These estimates suffer from the same problems that humans-chimp comparisons do, but they illustrate the patterns of similarity that one would expect from a single divine designer. But men and women have 46 chromosomes, and of those 46 we only share 45. A basic understanding of what DNA sequencing actually entails helps us understand human and chimp genome accuracy. Evolutionists originally claimed that the beta-globin gene was broken because it did not produce a protein. Man's closest relative is the ape. Humans and chimpanzees have differences in bone structures, in brain types, and in other major parts of their physiology. So chimps are more human than women are!! If we are genetically related to chimps, some may conclude that humans should behave like animals, with no fear of divine justice. A large 2013 research project sequenced the genomes of chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans to determine their genetic variation. It stands for “Long, Non-Coding RNA’s.” Whoever named them didn’t bother to actually check whether or not they coded for any useful product. Category: Great Apes Chimpanzees are our closest cousins in the animal kingdom, but did you know that they share nearly 99% of our DNA?   If you could type 60 words per minute, eight hours a day, it would take approximately 50 years to type the human genome. I am a tool and die tradesman and I know that tooling does not rise out of raw materials by chance. [xxi] As a rough draft, even after the computational assembly based on the human genome, it still consisted of thousands of small chunks of DNA sequences. A comparison of Clint's genetic blueprints with that of the human genome shows that our closest living relatives share 96 percent of our DNA. Plus, these bases look only 70% similar to the expected. [viii] Furthermore, such an apparently minor difference in DNA (only 1%) does not account for the many obvious major differences between humans and chimps. See: Jeffrey P. Tomkins, “Documented Anomaly in Recent Versions of the BLASTN Algorithm and a Complete Reanalysis of Chimpanzee and Human Genome-Wide DNA Similarity Using Nucmer and LASTZ,” (October 7, 2015), Answers in Genesis:  https://answersingenesis.org/genetics/dna-similarities/blastn-algorithm-anomaly/. In 2007 Cohen cited geneticist Svante Pääbo, a chimp consortium member at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany, as saying, “In the end, it’s a political and social and cultural thing about how we see our differences.”2, Perhaps evolutionists will not let go of the myth of 1% because it serves a political, social and cultural purpose? Human telomeres are from 5,000 to 15,000 bases long. When you talk about humans sharing DNA with each other and with other animals, you're ba… Going ape about human rights: Are monkeys people, too? This image was not lost but marred at the Fall,11 so God made humans with a special purpose now and in eternity. Even the article we are directing you to could, in principle, change without notice on sites we do not control. The great apes actually contain two more (diploid) chromosomes than humans. In a similar way, every cell must regulate its proteins to avoid chaos. 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