Tens of thousands of Wehrmacht and SS troops in France were either dead or in POW camps. But that is not important. German wind farms in the North Sea produced more electricity last year than ever before. Brushing aside his generals’ concerns, Germany’s supreme warlord told them to find a way to do it. On January 5, XIV SS Corps, east of Strasbourg, crossed the Rhine and pushed units into the Gambsheim area, evidently seeking a fight with the 79th. The dead lay about the streets, among them many civilians. On January 29, the Allied armies in Alsace returned to the offensive. Later that day, while attempting to reach an outpost, he was shot and killed by a sniper. “He was very earnest about the matter, saying that in extremity he would consider it better to put the whole French force around Strasbourg, even at the risk of losing the entire Army, than to give up the city without a fight.”, Ike noted that De Gaulle stated “that he would have to act independently unless I made disposition for last-ditch defense of Strasbourg. The 314th’s sister regiment, the 315th, also had its hands full. 75 years operation „Northwind“ The forgotten offense between Saar and Rhine . Comment associer ma M200 à l'application Polar Flow ? This would leave the way open for Operation Dentist (Unternehmen Zahnarzt), a planned major thrust into the rear of the U.S. 3rd Army which would lead to the destruction of that army. This article is about the 1944 operation. At 2:00 pm on January 6, Company G, 314th, entered the northwest side of Drusenheim riding on tanks. The company is also responsible to provide operation and … The rest of the 2nd Battalion took up positions in or around Drusenheim to await the inevitable German counterattack. There was no way such a counteroffensive could succeed, they protested. Overshadowed by the hard winter fighting in Belgium, the battles in Alsace-Lorraine were no less brutal, © As the advance stepped off, Rohrwiller was shelled hard, causing multiple casualties in Companies K and M. Company L somehow escaped the worst of the shelling and waded the Zorn to establish the bridgehead. Like their offensive in the Ardennes, the Germans, aided by bad weather that grounded Allied air power, experienced some initial successes but were eventually driven back. The question of liberating all of Alsace at this time is not involved, either. The question of liberating all of Alsace at this time is not involved either. A citizen group in the Township of North Stormont, Ont., has lost its appeal to stop a wind farm development in the community 60 kilometres south of Ottawa. In the end, rather than withdraw, Devers agreed to shift his forces to create a mobile reserve that could block the enemy’s key avenues of approach leading into his front. Howard swung his rifle butt at the nearest German and the two of us ran into the first house we came to. Meanwhile, during the night of January 6-7, the bridge at Drusenheim was repaired while under constant enemy fire. Ellis was wounded and had to be evacuated. Despite these setbacks, elsewhere things began to look up for the Allies. by Flint Whitlock. Working under contract from the German-Dutch grid operator TenneT, Siemens has thus achieved a decisive milestone of the German grid connection projects. The 7th Army —at the orders of U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower— had sent troops, equipment, and supplies north to reinforce the American armies in the Ardennes involved in the Battle of the Bulge. At this conference, Ike told Devers to halt all offensive operations and even be prepared to pull back from some of the hard-won ground—a directive that did not sit well with the 6th Army Group commander. Worn out by weeks of combat, more hard fighting loomed ahead for the 79th; it was required to split itself, with the division’s 315th Regiment holding the Maginot Line fortresses north of the Haguenau Forest at Rittershoffen and Hatten, and the 314th Regiment south of the forest in the vicinity of the French villages of Rohrwiller, Bischwiller, Zinswiller, and Drusenheim, just west of the Rhine and north of Herrlisheim. One of the Germans’ major objectives was taking the Saverne Gap, 20 miles northwest of Strasbourg; it is a narrow, gorge-like passage less than 100 yards wide in places that cuts through the Vosges from Arzviller to Saverne. We heard them and could see them and vice versa. With elements of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr.’s Third Army out of the line, Patch was suddenly faced with stretching his forces almost to the breaking point. On December 11, 1944, Hitler summoned a number of high-ranking generals to his top-secret underground headquarters known as the Adlerhorst in Bad Nauheim, a resort city 20 miles north of Frankfurt-am-Main, to let them in on his strategy to halt Germany’s slide toward defeat. In September 1944, as the Allied drive neared the French-German border in Alsace-Lorraine, German opposition became more determined. In 2018, Spark Power opened its first location in Minnesota under the Northwind banner. As of 2015update this is not a comprehensive list, but most major operations that Axis and Allied combatants engaged in are included, and also operations that involved neutral nation states. Attempts by Rasp’s Nineteenth Army to break out of the Colmar Pocket and add its weight to the battles taking place around Strasbourg failed because the French First Army pummeled it unmercifully. In Drusenheim, the enemy moved freely through the town, wiping out any points of resistance and overrunning 2nd Battalion’s command post. Once it was successful, a follow-up thrust—Unternehmen Zahnarzt—(Operation Dentist), a major attack against the rear of Patton’s Third Army—would take place. “I said to Howard, ‘Discretion is the better part of valor; I think we better surrender.’ So we threw our rifles out onto the floor and yelled ‘Kamerad’ and stood up. Five tanks managed to cross the bridge before it partially collapsed and became unusable. Even before the German North Wind offensive in northern Alsace had been brought to a halt, the French First Army began their own attack on the so-called Colmar Pocket on the west bank of the Upper Rhine between Strasbourg and the Swiss border. The Germans were using the high embankment of the Drusenheim-Herrlisheim highway for cover, and when they showed themselves, Company F and its attached tanks from 12th Armored’s Combat Command B fought back. Related products. Someone hollered, ‘He doesn’t speak English, shoot him!’ He was killed.”, Ryals noted that at 4:00 am the next day, a German tank drove up to the front door of the house he occupied and pointed the 88mm gun right at the door. At dawn the next morning, January 9, the enemy launched an infantry attack but Company L, aided by tanks, turned back the attack, allowing the bridge to be fully repaired by 5:00 pm. This operation did not go well because, at that very moment, the Germans were bringing in fresh formations from east of the Rhine. Ordering tank support, he hopped aboard one of only two Shermans that responded, grabbed the .50 caliber machine gun mounted on its turret, and directed the armored beast up the icy trail that led to his surrounded companies. “The only big guns we had were two antitank destroyers and three wheel-mounted 57mm cannons. Flakpanzer V Ausf. Then, in perhaps an act of penance, von Luck, a gifted musician, walked over to the ruined church, sat down at the miraculously unharmed organ, and played Bach’s chorale, “Nun danket alle Gott”—“Now Thank We All Our God.”. Many of the houses were on fire and lit up the scene at night. The situation for Maj. Gen. Ira T. Wyche’s 79th Infantry Division was typical for many American units in Alsace-Lorraine in late 1944. The five tanks then accompanied Company F, which was on point, for the attack. Our boys, led by Sergeant John Aven and Sergeant Ellis Johnson, were firing out the windows and doors of our house. Wishlist (2 mates) Stash (4 mates ) Started (0 mates) Nobody. One of the tank destroyers parked at the steps to the house we were in. The German armaments industry, too, had been demolished by incessant Allied air raids, and the production of tanks, guns, ammunition, and aircraft was reduced to a trickle of what it had been earlier in the war. The German offensive finally drew to a close on 25 January, the same day that the reinforcements began to arrive from the Ardennes. Herrlisheim was in the center of the Germans’ bridgehead across the Rhine, with Gambsheim to the south and Drusenheim to the north. On the 10th, several supporting M-8 self-propelled howitzers tried to resume the American attack against Herrlisheim but they broke through the ice covering the network of waterways to the west of the town and were promptly hors d’combat. As the crew scrambled from their burning vehicle, he picked them off with his rifle, killing three and wounding a fourth. In 2020, Germany's total offshore wind generation was 26.89 terawatt hours (TWh), of which wind farms in the North Sea generated 22.76 TWh and those in the German sector of the Baltic Sea produced 4.13 TWh of electricity. “We picked a very nice house that commanded a bend in the road where we could see right up to the top of the little hill the town was on.”, Toward evening, a German armored recon unit with several tanks approached Rimling, and Daub watched as the armor and infantry drew nearer to his position. It was all they could do to keep from being overrun by the Allies, hammering at them from all sides. At the angle where the German-French border makes its abrupt southward turn was Lt. Gen. Karl Decker’s XXXIX Panzer Corps, with its 21st Panzer and 25th Panzergrenadier Divisions, augmented by a company of super-heavy 70-ton Jagdtiger anti-tank mobile weapons. By Reuters Staff. We had very little artillery support and we had no tank support and so they were able to move around and come in.”. The Yanks attacked the enemy’s strong point—a factory building on the east bank of the Moder, where it captured two officers and 51 enlisted men. On December 10, 1944, Hitler appointed Interior Minister and SS Chief Heinrich Himmler, who had no military experience, commander of the newly created Oberkommando Oberrhein (Upper Rhine High Command), whose mission it was to defend the upper Rhine, and whose creation essentially stripped Generaloberst Johannes Blaskowitz’s Army Group G of responsibility for the defense of the Colmar area and of the Rhine River south of the Bienwald. On December 29 the Americans learned that the 10th SS Panzer, 21st Panzer, and 25th Panzer Divisions, along with the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division—were still in the area, refitting in preparation for action. It was very dark and we could not see but had to walk over him to get out. It began on 31 December 1944 in Alsace and Lorraine in northeastern France, and it ended on 25 January. By November 1944, American units of Maj. Gen. Wade Haislip’s XV Corps had pushed all the way to French-German border between Saarbrucken and Wissembourg, while the French First Army forced the Belfort Gap, destroyed German forces in the southern Vosges Mountains, and reached the Rhine north of Switzerland between Mulhouse and Basel. “On January 3, [General Charles] De Gaulle [the contentious leader of the Free French Forces] came to see me. Just as the Allies were about to put the champagne on ice in anticipation of their victory celebration, however, the Germans would do the unexpected and the impossible: they would launch not one but two counteroffensives aimed at halting the Allied advance in the West. Just over one year later, in the third quarter of 2018, the 900-megawatt (MW) grid connection was put into operation, supplying more than one million households with clean wind energy. But knowing that an enemy is about to attack and being able to stop that attack are two different things. The following day, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander, called a meeting of his top-level commanders (Bradley, Devers, and Patton, among others) at Verdun, where they discussed the German thrust into the Ardennes and what to do about it. am i right in saying you have shares in north wind? I explained the situation to him and he agreed that my plan to save troops in that region was militarily correct. Jump to: navigation, search. The total German infantry strength facing Seventh Army was estimated to equal some 24 or 25 battalions of American infantry; the exact size of the armored forces was a question mark, but was no doubt considerable. The 10th Panzer Division in the town, along with other German units in the Steinwald and the nearby town of Offendorf, caught the 43rd Tank Battalion and the 17th and 66th Armored Infantry Battalions in a deadly crossfire. Four of the group escaped to the attic and, by maneuvering an old staircase against the building, Carey was able to rescue these men. The Germans conducted Operation Northwind as a second major offensive but it gets little press as it occurred during and after the Battle of the Bulge. Wind turbine manufacturers provided data for current main investment costs relevant for projects that will become operationalin 2016 and 2017. Unfortunately, the owner of the house had boarded up the doors and windows and the two GIs found themselves inside with no avenue of escape. Staff Sergeant Howard C. Pride, a communications wireman with Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion, 314th, recalled his battalion’s time in Drusenheim. Whereas the Allies would later call the first of the two operations the “Battle of the Bulge,” Hitler called it Unternehmen Wacht-am-Rhein (Operation Watch on the Rhine), after a well-known German song. Gen. Henning Linden, the 42nd’s assistant division commander. To the south, west of the Rhine, the Nineteenth Army was ordered to break out of the Colmar Pocket, drive north, and strike the eastern flank of the Americans north of Strasbourg. “Our instructions were to report back to company headquarters and tell them what was coming that particular evening,” Daub said. Daub remembered, “We jumped right into a group of German soldiers. The rubble of buildings at la Breymuehl provided the only cover, and Company L, chilled to the bone, would hold on to its precarious position for the next 10 days. This lasted for quite a long time, probably an hour, with sporadic fire after that. Facing this German stronghold, American forces very much wanted to take Herrlisheim. and installation. Devers and Patch were also moving elements around. The 100-megawatt Nation Rise Wind … EDF Renewables North America, an independent power producer and service provider, says the 150 MW Merricourt Wind Project achieved commercial operation and … On January 19, the Germans’ renewed ground offensive against the 79th at both Rohrwiller and Drusenheim began. They grabbed us and dragged us out the door and searched us. NorthWind is financed by the Norwegian government through The Research Council of Norway. Panzergrenadiers rushed into Hatten and the ferocious battle for that village and nearby Rittershoffen went on for days. Allied intelligence would eventually identify elements of nine divisions of the First German Army facing Seventh Army. Operation Northwind, planned by the Fuhrer himself, hurled eight German divisions, three of them SS, against the thinly held American line in the Alsace-Lorraine region. On August 15, Operation Overlord had been complemented by Operation Avalanche—the U.S. The proposed new offensive, codenamed Operation Nordwind (North Wind), would be launched south of the Ardennes in Alsace, intended to take advantage of the transfer of American troops northward to relieve Bastogne. Eisenhower wanted Devers to meet it by withdrawing and shortening his lines to create reserves—a move that would essentially give back northern Alsace, including the city of Strasbourg, to the Germans. The agony was not yet over for the 79th Division, though. Her defeat is inevitable, and sooner rather than later. With a capital cost of €1.6bn, the project involves the design, construction, and installation of 66 Haliade 150-6MW turbines, plus an offshore substation to collect the electricity and feed it into the German grid. At about the same time that Daub and Hunter were being taken prisoner, Technical Sergeant Charles F. Carey of the 397th was also battling for his life at Rimling. Master Fighter 1:48 48565 Bergepanzer 38 Germany Army, Operation North Wind, January, 1945; Scale: 1:48: Length: 5.25" Width: 2.25" Composition: Resin: SKU: MF-48565: Historical Note: Welcome Master Fighter to North America! Repeated attempts by the Americans to launch counterattacks to free the two trapped battalions of the 315th were unsuccessful. Operation Nordwind, although costly for both sides, was ultimately unsuccessful, and the failure of the offensive allowed the U.S. 7th Army to contain the German push towards Strasbourg. “This went on until around midnight. On the same day that the German Army launched Operation Nordwind, the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) committed almost 1,000 aircraft in support. Nordwind was so overshadowed by the Battle of the Bulge most people know little about it. Howard said, ‘I think we’d better surrender.’ I said, ‘Not me, Howard––I’m Jewish.’ So Howard didn’t surrender; he stuck with me.”, After another grenade detonated, the two GIs heard a machine pistol being cocked. On December 24, Patch received a warning from Devers’s headquarters: “Excellent agent sources report enemy units building up in the Black Forest area for offensive. Or maybe it would have been dumber, I don’t know.”, Daub and Hunter bolted down the stairs and dashed out of the house. A desperate fight soon began to swirl inside and around Herrlisheim as elements of XXXIX Corps slammed into the 12th Armored Division’s ranks. On January 12, Company I captured an enemy patrol of five men, which had managed to skirt the Company L position, and Company I exchanged assignments with Company K, sending I back to Rohrwiller. The first few weeks following the landings had gone relatively smoothly, with American and Free French divisions chasing General Friedrich Wiese’s disorganized Nineteenth Army up the Rhone River valley; at only a few, well-chosen places did the Germans make a stand and offer serious resistance. The German offensive was an operational failure, with its main objectives not achieved. I have read about parts of the battle and visited many of the towns mentioned but the article put the whole operation in a greater perspective for me. The cemetery contains the graves of 5’308 German soldiers, most of whom lost their lives in the battle of the Colmar pocket and during Operation “North Wind”. The division then advanced to Reyersweiler, which fell after four days of fighting—December 11–13. At Colmar, Generalleutnant Siegfried Rasp (he had just replaced Wiese) had his Nineteenth Army standing by. On January 8, Combat Command B of the 12th Armored Division (consisting of the 56th Armored Infantry Battalion and the 714th Tank Battalion) was ordered to assist the 79th Infantry Division in its attack on the German stronghold at Herrlisheim but made little progress, the Shermans proving no match for the lethal German antitank defenses. NorthWind is a Centre for Environment-friendly Energy Research (FME) and will be in operation from 2020 to 2028. Offshore wind power operators in the German North Sea raised generation capacity by 20.9% percent to 6,436 megawatts (MW) last year, grid company TenneT GmbH said on Monday, close to a … He entered alone and a few minutes later emerged with 16 prisoners. At that point, we were taken prisoner and marched outside in the street.”, Ryals said that his group was marched under guard for about four days without food before they reached a temporary POW camp. Allyn Vannoy . In February, with the assistance of the U.S. XXI Corps, the French 1st Army collapsed the Colmar Pocket and completely cleared the west bank of the Rhine River of German forces in the area south of Strasbourg. Like someone trying to spread a single pat of butter to cover an entire loaf of bread, Patch’s six infantry divisions had to cover a front of 126 miles. One time you were surrounded, the next you weren’t. For the next several days, the situation around Rohrwiller and Drusenheim remained fairly static; 2nd and 3rd Battalions held their positions while the Germans shelled them. The Operation Nordwind plan called for Lt. Gen. Hans von Obstfelder’s German First Army to attack southward from the West Wall and into France, through Bitche, the Saverne Gap, and the Wissembourg Gap (the latter the site of first German success in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870) between the Low and High Vosges Mountains of Alsace-Lorraine, and link up with another thrust northward by Nineteenth Army, locked in a pocket around Colmar. In 2020, the amount produced rose by 12.4 percent to 22.76 terawatt hours (TWh) compared to 2019, according to the grid operator TenneT. As the Army’s official history of the campaign states, “This worked out to about twenty miles of front per division, six miles per regiment, or two per battalion––with the two armored divisions [the French 2nd and Maj. Gen. Roderick R. Allen’s untested U.S. 12th] in reserve.”. Operation Northwind (German: Unternehmen Nordwind) was the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front. 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