The use of animals for research goes back to Greek and Roman times. Failed attempts at experiments lead to animals dying a very painful death. According to scientists, chimpanzee DNA is 99% similar with humans, while it is 98% for mice in terms of genetics. You can’t do that on a mouse or a rabbit.” , A peer-reviewed study found serious flaws in the majority of publicly funded US and UK animal studies using rodents and primates: “only 59% of the studies stated the hypothesis or objective of the study and the number and characteristics of the animals used.”  A 2017 study found further flaws in animal studies, including “incorrect data interpretation, unforeseen technical issues, incorrectly constituted (or absent) control groups, selective data reporting, inadequate or varying software systems, and blatant fraud.” , Violations of the Animal Welfare Act at the federally funded New Iberia Research Center (NIRC) in Louisiana included maltreatment of primates who were suffering such severe psychological stress that they engaged in self-mutilation, infant primates awake and alert during painful experiments, and chimpanzees being intimidated and shot with a dart gun. Home / Animal Testing Essay / Animal Testing Pros and Cons Sample details Get your own essay from professional writers. Animal experimentation is done to clarify previously unknown life processes and fundamental biologica… The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 906 Words | 4 Pages. Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons. There are many opinions about the pros and cons of using animals in scientific research. Animal Research in Medical Science: Pros and Cons Nurunnabi ASM 1 Afr, oz RD 2, Alam SN 3 Abstract: Animal research or animal testing is done worldwide, where vertebrate animals, from …  The US Food and Drug Administration endorses the use of animal tests on cosmetics to “assure the safety of a product or ingredient.”  China requires that most cosmetics be tested on animals before they go on sale, so cosmetics companies must have their products tested on animals if they want distribution in one of the largest markets in the world. Human Cloning Pros and Cons. It contributes to cures and treatments that save human lives. Show More. Opponents of animal testing say that it is cruel and inhumane to experiment on animals, that alternative methods available to researchers can replace animal testing, and that animals are so different from human beings … Proponents claim that most medical breakthroughs in the last century were direct results of animal experimentation. Harro, J. Did you know that there are more than 20 million animals that are used yearly for product, medical and scientific testing? Many Animals Not Protected.    Humane Research Australia (HRA) reports that many discoveries made by non-animal methods were later verified by animal experiments, “giving false credit” to animal use. The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 713 Words | 3 Pages. You can decide for yourself, whether you are for, against or just a mute spectator to animal testing. Organ replacement: A clone, like in the movie, "The Island," could be a source for transplant organs or tissue. It is widely believed that it is unethical to use humans for invasive experiments, especially when it could result in death. Considering these facts, animals are being accepted as appropriate research subjects. Most major research institutions’ programs are voluntarily reviewed for humane practices by the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International (AAALAC). 4. … The animals have the closest anatomical structure to that of humans in this … This directly contradicts what proponents believe about the closeness of animals and humans in an anatomical and biological sense, as both have many cellular, metabolic and anatomical differences. Animal testing … Pros and Cons of Animal Testing Animal Testing: Pros and Cons In many cases, it was tested on animals long before a product, cosmetic, vaccine or medicine was available for … , According to Humane Society International, animals used in experiments are commonly subjected to force feeding, food and water deprivation, the infliction of burns and other wounds to study the healing process, the infliction of pain to study its effects and remedies, and “killing by carbon dioxide asphyxiation, neck-breaking, decapitation, or other means.”  The US Department of Agriculture reported in Jan. 2020 that research facilities used over 300,000 animals in activities involving pain in just one year.  Animal research has contributed to major advances in treating conditions such as breast cancer, brain injury, childhood leukemia, cystic fibrosis, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis, and more, and was instrumental in the development of pacemakers, cardiac valve substitutes, and anesthetics. Animal Experimentation Aside from agony and a shortened life, do animals get any benefit from being used for biomedical research? , Michael Bachelor, Senior Scientist and Product Manager at biotech company MatTek, stated, “We can now create a model from human skin cells — keratinocytes — and produce normal skin or even a model that mimics a skin disease like psoriasis.  The COVID-19 (coronavirus) global pandemic demonstrated that researchers can skip animal testing and go straight to observing how vaccines work in humans. On the other hand, laboratory animals, particularly rats, can only live for 2 to 3 years, which give researchers the opportunity to study the effects of treatments and genetic manipulation over an entire lifetime. Basically, whether this practice is good or bad really depends on who you are asking. Many people … 1 1. If we granted animals rights, all humans would have to become vegetarians, and hunting would need to be outlawed. 1. , Conditions such as blindness and high blood pressure cannot be studied in tissue cultures. Share on Facebook. It provides benefits to the animals themselves. Gun Control – Should More Gun Control Laws Be Enacted? To decide whether animal testing is beneficial or not, it is best that you start learning its positive sides first like the following:Treatments Developed Have Saved LivesAnimals are the most common subject of medical testing. 0. 2. Pros of Animal Research “We have all benefited immensely from scientific research involving animals. (There are ethical issues that arise from this, however.) 10 Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation, 8 Pros and Cons of Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants, 10 Pros and Cons of Mandatory Military Service, How To Leave An Emotionally Abusive Relationship, The Ability To Move Things With Your Mind, How To Tell Is Someone Is Lying About Cheating. Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons Essay examples 1885 Words | 8 Pages. Let’s see the benefits and problems of the use of animals separately. A… … Researchers Joseph and Charles Vacanti grew a human "ear" seeded from implanted cow cartilage cells on the back of a living mouse to explore the possibility of fabricating body parts for plastic and reconstructive surgery. The safety of products … Animal testing and cruelty simply occur because it is … 5 Answers. Here’s a look into the upside of animal testing. Animal testing cons include the fact that many of the tests involve cruelty to the animals and in many cases, the cruelty is unnecessary. Those who support this legal practice say that it is for a good cause, implying that it is better to use animals than human beings for testing. And with the pros and cons listed above, we can surely come up with a considerable opinion about this subject matter. , The Environmental Protection Agency is so confident in alternatives that the agency intends to reduce chemical testing on mammals 30% by 2025 and end it altogether by 2035. It uses animals, which many people believe to be poor test subjects. Sample details.  Animal tests on the arthritis drug Vioxx showed that it had a protective effect on the hearts of mice, yet the drug went on to cause more than 27,000 heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before being pulled from the market. PaulCyp. 5. Saving valuable human lives: When a new chemical or substance is found to affect body physiology, it is first evaluated on animals. ], ProCon.org. Animal testing is a worldwide discussion and is always a topic for debate.  Evaluating a drug for side effects requires a circulatory system to carry the medicine to different organs.  Manufacturers of products such as hand sanitizer and insect repellent, which can protect people from Zika, malaria, and West Nile Virus, test on animals to meet legal requirements for putting these products on the market. List of Pros of Animal Experimentation. Cons of Animal Experimentation. , Research animals are cared for by veterinarians, husbandry specialists, and animal health technicians to ensure their well-being and more accurate findings.  The World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki states that human trials should be preceded by tests on animals. Animal Testing Pros And Cons. Animal Cruelty Many of the animals that are used in labs for medical research are left traumatized, permanently disabled, or even dead.  The market for cruelty-free cosmetics (products not tested on animals) is estimated to reach $10 billion by 2024. Cell and tissue research, 1-16. 591 Accesses. The advantage of animal research is that it puts no human lives at risk. List of Pros of Animal Experimentation. The main reason behind this is the fact that scientists … For instance, to evaluate irritation caused by cosmetics, rabbit’s eyes are held open by clips for days, so they will not be able to blink while the products are being assessed. Order Original Essay. The California Biomedical Research Association released a statement saying almost every single medical breakthrough has resulted in the direct use of animals in the last 100 years. Pros of Animal Experimentation The purpose of animal experimentations is for positive uses and the following are the advantages of using such experimentations: Finding out treatments and … Pros Include: 1. 100% plagiarism free. (2020, March 18). , Animal testing has been instrumental in saving endangered species from extinction, including the black-footed ferret, the California condor and the tamarins of Brazil. According to statistics, more than 25 million animals are used to carry out experiments in the U.S. each year. Here’s a look into the upside of animal testing. To prevent unfavorable consequences, animal testing is done to precede human trials.  Later tests on pregnant mice, rats, guinea pigs, cats, and hamsters did not result in birth defects unless the drug was administered at extremely high doses. Animal testing is a process that has been going on for centuries for numerous reasons, such as developing medical treatments, determining the toxicity of certain medications, confirming the safety of a product designed for humans, and other health care uses. 1.  Because animals and humans are so biologically similar, they are susceptible to many of the same conditions and illnesses, including heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Considering that human beings can live up to 80 years or more, scientists who are conducting tests would be dead before they can gather results. Treatments for animals developed using animal testing also include pacemakers for heart disease and remedies for glaucoma and hip dysplasia. Orders: 20 16 students ordered this very topic and got original papers. According to professor Thomas Hartung of Johns … The definition of animal testing is the procedures that involve living animals for the purpose of research. The following passage will discuss both the pros and cons of animal experimentation, the alternatives to animal experimentation, and different methods of animal experimentation. Genetic research: Cell cloning … Kabene, S., & Baadel, S. (2019). The majority of the medical breakthroughs … 5. 8 Citations. Both of them make up 43% of the total expenditure for medical research. But because a lot of these solutions need testing and experimentation … While many of you may argue about even considering the pros and cons of animal experimentation, you must be aware of the fact that in the past, and to this date, there are a lot of breakthroughs, especially in the world of medicine, that have been made by means of such tests. In February 1997, a highly controversial collection of articles appeared in Scientific American on the subject of laboratory-animal …  The types of animals covered by the AWA account for fewer than one million animals used in research facilities each year, which leaves around 25 million other animals without protection from mistreatment. Animal Testing. This paper will argue the pros and the cons of animal testing and reach the conclusion that widespread gratuitous testing goes too far and needs to be subjected to a standard of ethical evaluation that considers the rights of the animals. i need both for a debate. Cons of Animal Experimentation. The pros or advantages of human cloning include: Infertility: Infertile people or same-sex couples could have children made from cloned cells. , American women use an average of 12 personal care products per day, so product safety is of great importance. The main pro for animal testing is that it helps researchers find treatments to improve medicine... Cons of … Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? Animal Testing Cons: What Every Person Should Know. The cons of animal testing are quite compelling, with alternatives available that offer more reliable results without inflicting pain on defenseless animals. 10 1907 11 by hunting Fishing and pest control also involve the killing of animals, but these are not counted Since 2014, animals used … 13 Pros And Cons of Animal Testing Pros of Animal Testing. This raises very serious red flags for lots of animal rights groups and activists who believe animals … 3. Pros Of Animal Testing 1. An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the United States for scientific and commercial testing. The pros and cons of animal testing were debated with both sides being able to produce solid reasons for their stands. by Jordon Layne Dec 9, 2020. It uses animals, which many people believe to be poor test subjects. In other cases, they can even continue to conduct experiments across several generations, which is why lab animals have been used for long-term research on cancer. Below are the proper citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): the Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA), the Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago), the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian). Ohio used the most guinea pigs (35,206), and Massachusetts used the most dogs (6,771) and primates (11,795). Reduction … Aspirin, for example, is dangerous for some animal species. To include animals in medical breakthroughs is not necessary : Critics of animal testing contend that no major … , In addition to local and state laws and guidelines, animal research has been regulated by the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) since 1966. This debate on animal testing pros and cons will continue till scientists do not find an alternative to this cruel process of animal experimentation. ProCon.org is the institutional or organization author for all ProCon.org pages. Why not simply cut our … The pros and cons of animal experimentation have caused numerous arguments over the years. Every coin has two sides, so does animal testing. Moreover, the center said that chimpanzees are humanity’s only hope for finding a vaccine for hepatitis C. 2. School Uniforms – Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? The use of animals for research goes back to Greek and Roman times. While it is wrong to abuse animals, research must continue to learn more about curing diseases that are fatal to humans.  A report on Slate.com stated that a “source of human suffering may be the dozens of promising drugs that get shelved when they cause problems in animals that may not be relevant for humans.” , The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) does not apply to rats, mice, fish, and birds, which account for 95% of the animals used in research. 3. Some of these animals include pigs, monkeys, cats, rabbits, chimpanzees, among others. , Vaccines tested on animals have saved millions of animals that would otherwise have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvo virus.  A study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) found that nearly 150 clinical trials (human tests) of treatments to reduce inflammation in critically ill patients have been undertaken, and all of them failed, despite being successful in animal tests. Abstract: Animal research or animal testing is done worldwide, where vertebrate animals, from … However, the lives of humans are superior over the lives of animals … Read the overview below to gain a balanced understanding of the issue and explore the previews of opinion articles that highlight many perspectives on animal testing. Animal Testing Pros And Cons. List of Pros of Animal Testing … Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. Animal Research and Experimentation Animal research began in the 1900’s and the practice is still in use today. If vaccines were not tested on animals, a lot of them could have died from diseases and health conditions, such as hepatitis, rabies, leukemia, anthrax, parvo, hip dysplasia, glaucoma, etc. Conditions for the animals are getting much … 3.  Fk-506 (tacrolimus), used to lower the risk of organ transplant rejection, was “almost shelved” because of animal test results, according to neurologist Aysha Akhtar. Views: 1018. Animal Research: The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 1262 Words | 6 Pages. Some experiments also include the administration of lethal doses of certain chemicals to determine how much would kill animals. , Devoting enough money and resources to animal-free alternatives could result in the same medical advances achieved through animal testing. Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? There must be a middle ground to the rules of animal testing that would keep the animal from unnecessary suffering, but would allow the scientist to … , When testing medicines for potential toxicity, the lives of human volunteers should not be put in danger unnecessarily. The latest news and comment on animal experimentation July 2020 'It takes a toll': researchers struggle with lockdown cull of lab mice. 22 Extensive Pros and Cons of Animal Testing. There are alternatives to animal experimentation that are considered viable, such cell cultures in a petri dish and in vitro testing, which can even produce more relevant results than those from vivisection. Mandatory National Service – Should the United States Have Mandatory National Service? How to cite this page. It uses animals that are identical to humans in some way. Mostly they are used for science education, biomedical experimentations, cosmetic … Animal testing taken here to mean the use of animals in research for the purpose of furthering human concerns such as drug efficacy and the safety of products such as cosmetics is an endeavor fraught with controversy and difficult ethical arguments. Comment on animal experimentation: the MLA citation style requires double spacing within entries is in. C has shown to be poor test subjects same thing goes to using human! Developed new and effective medical treatments in use today Care and Philosophy volume,! 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