These organizations frame themselves as being by women, for women, in order to fight the idea that feminism is the only women-oriented ideology. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). [28] However, by the end of the century, a cultural counter movement had begun. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. The majority of them, however, argued that a woman's participation in the political realm would hinder her participation in social and civic duties. It was founded to take on the "old feminist establishment". The IWF claims to be "the voice of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology". adjective. As it turned out, the most indicative factors when predicting ERA position, especially among women, were race, marital status, age, and education. Like feminism, this can describe a broad range of ideas, which we shall attempt to divide into 3 groupings. [20] They have argued that feminism has resulted in changes to society's previous norms relating to sexuality, which they see as detrimental to traditional values or conservative religious beliefs. [39] Because of the support of antifeminism from conservatives and the constant "conservative reactions to liberal social politics", such as the New Deal attacks, the attack on the ERA has been called a "right-wing backlash". I thought feminists were only doing harm to themselves and others, and I proudly proclaimed that I was not a feminist. anti-feminism \ ˌan- tē- ˈfe- mə- ˌni- zəm. If you look up the definition of “Feminism” in the dictionary, you’ll see these statements: Feminism is: 1. "[11], Antifeminist ideology rejects at least one of the following general principles of feminism:[12], Some antifeminists argue that feminism, despite claiming to advocate for equality, ignores rights issues unique to men. Kimmel further writes that antifeminist argumentation relies on "religious and cultural norms" while proponents of antifeminism advance their cause as a means of "'saving' masculinity from pollution and invasion". ", This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:09. The novel claimed that Communist leaders used their men and women to recruit a variety of minorities in the nation's capital, such as females, colored males, and homosexual males. “Anti-feminist.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist. Though men were not the only antifeminists, men experienced what some have called a "crisis of masculinity"[30] in response to traditional gender roles being challenged. As the feminist movement has changed since its foundation, the principles and interests of anti-feminism have also changed over the course of history. A person holding an attitude or philosophy in opposition to some or all feminist philosophy. This self-proclaimed "anti-feminist" lawyer (Web site tag line: "Now is … Wir haben im großen Anti feminist definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen. Anti feminist definition - Der absolute Favorit der Redaktion. It is because of feminism we have we have unrestricted sex, the Pill, abortion on demand, an astronomically increased number of single mothers, teenage mothers and women in their 40s struggling with infertility; we have a fatherless generation who haven't seen a better example; chastity is mocked, women are sexualized and coerced into selling themselves cheap; we have no-fault divorce, and deterioration of family. See more. [35] Later historians tended to dismiss antisuffragists as subscribing to the model of domestic idealism, that a woman's place is in the home. controversy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antifeminism&oldid=1001406668, Articles with limited geographic scope from May 2017, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, That social arrangements among men and women, "The two major waves of antifeminist activity coincide with the two waves of the women's rights movement: the campaign to secure female suffrage in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the feminist movement of the late twentieth century. In 1950 and 1953, ERA was passed by the Senate with a provision known as "the Hayden rider", making it unacceptable to ERA supporters. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Abortion remains one of the most controversial topics in the United States. Himmelstein identifies two prevailing theories that seek to explain the origins of antifeminism: the first theory, proposed by Himmelstein, is that conservative opposition in the abortion and Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) debates has created a climate of hostility toward the entire feminist movement. [64][65], According to Amherst College sociology professor Jerome L. Himmelstein, antifeminism is rooted in social stigmas against feminism and is thus a purely reactionary movement. Attention all you man-hating feminists: Watch out for Roy Den Hollander. [59], The Concerned Women of America (CWA) are also an antifeminist organization. [26] They argue that a change of women's roles is a destructive force that endangers the family, or is contrary to religious morals. Most used the same hashtag, "womenagainstfeminism", but instead made satirical and bluntly parodic comments. Antifeminists may oppose feminism for a variety of reasons, such as claiming its differentiate gender and promotes hostility toward men. Women's suffrage was achieved in the US in 1920, and early 20th-century antifeminism was primarily focused on fighting this. This ploy failed once the journalists linked feminism to communism in their novel and ultimately reinforced antifeminism by implying that defending the "white, Christian, heterosexual, patriarchal family" was the only way to oppose communism. The men who believed in this model cited religious models and natural law to emphasize women's need to return to the private sphere, in order to separate men and women to keep women from outwardly challenging men in public. Antifeminist Meaning. [24][25], Moreover, other antifeminists oppose women's entry into the workforce, political office, or the voting process, as well as the lessening of male authority in families. 19 synonyms and near synonyms of anti-feminist from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 5 antonyms and near antonyms. Like other conservative women's groups, they oppose abortion and same-sex marriage and make appeals for maternalism and biological differences between women and men. So a non-feminist person is no less anti-feminist simply for opposing feminism passively, than an anti-feminist is for opposing it actively. [45], Some current antifeminist practices can be traced back to the rise of the religious right in the late 1970s. [66], Antifeminism has been identified as an underlying motivation in far-right extremism. "’. Through his efforts, the League garnered attention from pro-family advocates. Synonyms for anti-feminist include misogynist, woman-hater, MCP, sexist, chauvinist, male chauvinist, misanthrope, womanhater, male supremacist and male chauvinist pig. ", "Reasonable distinctions": an alternative to the ERA, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, "Stop fem-splaining: what 'Women Against Feminism' gets right", "Is feminism still relevant? For example, Paul Gottfried maintains that the change of women's roles "has been a social disaster that continues to take its toll on the family" and contributed to a "descent by increasingly disconnected individuals into social chaos". Bei uns wird hohe Sorgfalt auf eine faire Festlegung des Tests gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase mit einer finalen Bewertung bepunktet. [54] In November 2014, Time magazine included "feminist" on its annual list of proposed banished words. [61], Many who affiliate with the alt-right movement are antifeminist,[62][63] with antifeminism and resentment of women being a common recruitment gateway into the movement. Himmelstein, however, says both views are at least partially wrong, arguing that the primary dividing line between feminists and antifeminists is cultural rather than stemming from differences in economic and social status. [39] Their methods include actions such as "insults proffered in emails or on the telephone, systematic denigration of feminism in the media, Internet disclosure of confidential information (e.g. [39] Supporters of an unaltered ERA rejected the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing the rider did not provide for equality. The definition of feminism on Merriam-Webster is “the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.” Yet there is still an increasing belief that feminism is against men, and supports the supremacy of women. ", "Antifeminism, then, repudiates critiques of male supremacy and resists efforts to eliminate it (often accompanied by dismissal of the idea that change is possible). [6], The term antifeminist is also used to describe public female figures, some of whom (such as Naomi Wolf, Camille Paglia, and Kate Roiphe) define themselves as feminists, based on their opposition to some or all elements of feminist movements. ‘an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles’. Antifeminism (also spelled anti-feminism) is opposition to some or all forms of feminism.Earlier groups of antifeminists have opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as women's suffrage in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Her anti-feminism was rooted in her opposition to “federal solutions to personal problems,” be they programs to alleviate poverty, provide health care, or educate young children. Some argued that women were already overburdened. That is, women could keep their existing and future special protections that men did not have. Anti-Feminists prefer to follow a more appropriate Biblical representative of women modeled in scripture (Christianity).Many of the Bible verses anti-feminists follow are Ephesians 5:22, … [16][46][47][48][49][50], British newspaper The Guardian and the website Jezebel have also reported on an increasing number of women and female celebrities rejecting feminism and instead subscribing to humanism. More example sentences. Antisuffragists feared this would, in fact, hinder their influence with legislative authorities. Opposed to feminism. What made you want to look up anti-feminist? Some men even subscribed to feminist ideology, but others went the other direction and became decidedly antifeminist. [51], In response to the social media trend, modern day feminists also began to upload similar pictures to websites such as Twitter and Tumblr. Find another word for anti-feminist. anti-feminist noun. [29] The more successful a feminist movement is in challenging the authority of male-dominated groups, the more these groups will organize a countermovement. Noun. Some women saying they don't need it", "Not all feminists: How modern feminism has become complicated, messy and sometimes alienating", "Am I a feminist? Feminist definition, advocating social, political, legal, and economic rights for women equal to those of men. einzelne, mehrere oder sämtliche feministische Anliegen wenden. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Anti-feminism is opposition to feminism in some or all of its forms. [42] Women who opposed the ERA tended to fit characteristics consistent with the Religious Right.[43]. [36], The Equal Rights Amendment is a perennially proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would grant equal rights and opportunities to every citizen of the United States, regardless of their sex. He argues that antifeminists consider the "traditional gender division of labor as natural and inevitable, perhaps also divinely sanctioned. [29] These countermovements were in response to some women's growing demands, which were perceived as threatening to the standard way of life. Val Burris, meanwhile, says that high-income men opposed the amendment because they would gain the least with it being passed; that those men had the most to lose, since the ratification of the ERA would mean more competition for their jobs and possibly a lowered self-esteem. The current of anti-feminism which developed in the newer religious orders …. … Anti-feminists understand that feminism is a danger to society. If they won the right to vote, women would consequently have to align with a particular party, which would destroy their ability to be politically neutral. Men's responses to increased feminism varied. Each modality is politically efficient in its season. ", "Reform activity that challenged either the subordination of women to men or the patriarchal limitation of women's status provoked an antifeminist response that included an intellectual and political campaign to halt progress toward women's rights and equality. Video shows what antifeminist means. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? [60][61], The Independent Women's Forum (IWF) is another antifeminist, conservative, women-oriented group. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? [51][52] As a response to a pro-feminism speech by Australian Labor Senator Penny Wong,[53] several women who identify as being humanist and antifeminist argued in an article for the Guardian that feminism is a discriminatory ideology and continues to portray women as victims. This is because women's movements may demand access to male-dominated positions within the religious sector, like the clergy, and women's movements threaten male-oriented values of some religions. After initially receiving the majority of votes (51%), a Time editor apologized for including the word in the poll and removed it from the results. These organizations chastise feminists for presuming to universally speak for all women. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. [11][17][18][19], Furthermore, antifeminists view feminism as a denial of innate psychological sex differences, and an attempt to reprogram people against their biological tendencies. In the anti-feminist movement, most people assume men are leading the charge. The advocacy of women's rights on the basis of the equality of the sexes. [57], In India, the Save Indian Family Foundation is an antifeminist organization[58] opposed to a number of laws that they claim to have been used against men. In the early 21st century antifeminism has sometimes been an element of violent, far-right extremist acts. What changed my mind was learning that a lot of what I thought feminists believed was false – including the idea that gender oppression only affects women. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. [41] The second theory Himmelstein identifies states that the female antifeminists who lead the movement are largely married, low education, and low personal income women who embody the "insecure housewife scenario" and seek to perpetuate their own situation in which women depend on men for fiscal support. In the United States, some antifeminists see their ideology as a response to one rooted in hostility towards men, holding feminism responsible for several social problems, including lower college entrance rates of young men and a perceived decline in manliness in American culture. In both periods, those holding a traditional view of women's place in the home and family tried to advance their cause by joining with other conservative groups to forestall efforts to extend women's rights. [31][2] Opponents of women's entry into institutions of higher learning argued that education was too great a physical burden on women. It's younger and less established than the CWA, though the two organizations are often discussed in relation to each other. Thus, most women continue to practice feminism in terms of seeking equality and independence for women, yet avoid the label. In the late 19th century and early 20th century antifeminists opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as the right to vote, educational opportunities, property rights, and access to birth control . addresses) on resources for battered women"[6] and more. By integrating Stop ERA with the thus-dubbed "new right", she was able to leverage a wider range of technological, organizational and political resources, successfully targeting pro-feminist candidates for defeat. [30], In the 19th century, one of the major focal points of antifeminism was opposition to women's suffrage, which began as a grassroots movement in 1848 and spanned for 72 years. For example, the perpetrators of the Christchurch massacre and the El Paso shooting appear to have been motivated by the conspiracy theory that white people are being replaced by non-whites largely as a result of feminist stances in Western societies. [41] There are, in fact, similarities between income between activists on both sides of the ERA debate. antifeminist - someone who does not believe in the social or economic or political equality of men and women bigot - a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own male chauvinist, sexist - a man with a chauvinistic belief in the inferiority of women Antifeminismus (griech. Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, and abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally supporters. [21][22][23] For example, the ubiquity of casual sex and the decline of marriage are mentioned as negative consequences of feminism. [40], Jerome Himmelstein identified two main theories about the appeal of antifeminism and its role in opposition to the ERA. Anti-trans feminists are canceling Biden for signing an order that reverses Trump's definition of gender as 'biological sex' ‘I've been labelled anti-feminist for questioning how we care for babies.’. Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". advocating antifeminism. This undermines and belittles the true power and numbers behind the antisuffrage movement, which was primarily led by women themselves. antagonistic to feminism. How have women contributed significantly? Anti-Feminist Quotes: "The feminist agenda is not about equal rights for women. There were two reasons antisuffragists opposed women participating in the political realm. [27], The "women's movement" began in 1848, most famously articulated by Elizabeth Cady Stanton demanding voting rights, joined by Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony and others who also pushed for other rights such as education, job freedom, marital and property rights, and the right to choose when or whether to become a mother. In Sex in Education: or, a Fair Chance for the Girls (1873), Harvard professor Edward Clarke predicted that if women went to college, their brains would grow bigger and heavier, and their wombs would atrophy. [35], In 1951, two journalists published Washington Confidential. [55][56], Founded in the U.S. by Phyllis Schlafly in 1972, Stop ERA, now known as "Eagle Forum", lobbied successfully to block the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in the U.S.[57] It was also Schlafly who forged links between Stop ERA and other conservative organizations, as well as single-issue groups against abortion, pornography, gun control, and unions. The anti-feminist groups attacking the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade decision : Roe v. Wade was a decision that allowed pregnant women to decide for … [33] This movement built the foundation for many pro-family arguments in contemporary antifeminism. 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