The Indian National Congress included a variety of political groups . Untouchability has been abolished (Article 17) and all the titles except those of academic or military distinction have been abolished (Article 18). 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They were aware of the coming future needs of the fast changing Indian society. Answer: (c) Principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. Blacks could not form associations or protest the terrible treatment. ‘Republic’ in consent to our constitution means _______ . (a) The Parliamentary form of Government. Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among people living in a territory (called citizens) and also the relationship between the people and government. Examine three basic guidelines agreed upon before the drafting of the Indian Co institution. Drafting Committee prepared a draft. This is an unusual achievement for any constitution. Answer: Question 4. The apartheid regime was particularly oppressive for the ‘blacks’ and the ‘coloured’. Question 3. White rulers treated non-whites as inferiors. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over three years. Answer: Answer: Answer: The Constituent Assembly that wrote the Indian Constitution had 299 members. Question 9. British Rule and the Legislative Institutions: The experience gained by Indians in the working of the legislative institutions proved to be very useful for the country in setting up its own institutions. Ambedkar, prepared a ‘Draft Constitution’ for discussion. The Constituent Assembly was elected mainly by the members of the existing Provincial Legislatures. Many countries of the world have had to rewrite their Constitution afresh because the basic rules were not accepted to all major social groups or political parties. (i) When were its elections held? Or Ultimately both agreed to compromise. Those who crafted the Indian Constitution felt that it must be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. Constitutional Design Class 9 Important Questions Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Constitutional Design Constitutional Design Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions Question 1. Who was Nelson Mandela? Mandela spent 28 years in South Africa’s most dreaded prison, Robben Island. It puts limits to what the government can do by providing some rights to the citizen that cannot be violated. Rights and Duties: It lays down the limits on the powers of the government and tells us what the rights of the citizens are. The head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary ruler. The British had left the piincely states to decide their future on their own. What would have happened in South Africa if the black majority had decided to take revenge on the whites for all their oppression and exploitation? Discussions of several rounds occurred clause by clause. To help students in finding the answers to the exercise questions, we have provided the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. “The South African Constitution inspires democrats all over the world” Comment. The British Consitution (based on Conventions). They also wanted substantial, social and economic rights. After 28 years of imprisonment, Nelson Mandela walked out of the jail as a free man. Some Constitutional experts like Alladi Krishna Swarny Aiyer, Dr. B.R. This defines a word given in Preamble of our Constitution which is _______ . The white regime changed its policies. As a ‘Living Document’, it has to be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. The Constituent Assembly held its first meeting in November 1946. Explain the major factors which contributed to the making of our Constitution. Question 12. Leaders of the freedom movement were clear that their country should be _______ . But, the Congress itself included a variety of political groups and opinions. Or Answer: The non whites did not have any voting rights. This was a traumatic experience for the people of India and Pakistan. What was apartheid? Answer: Chapter 2 Civics Constitutional Design Extra Questions will help you to Answer all MCQ Questions. Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion, Question 15. Question 4. The Indian Constitution is a detailed document. India and Pakistan were born through a partition on the basis of religious differences. Question 12. The people of South Africa have of agreed that everybody should become a part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. The way in which the Constituent Assembly worked gives sanctity to the Constitution. Atleast ten lakh people were killed on both sides of the border in partition related violence. Answer: What compromises were made? subject notes class nine civics constitutional design JUSTICE: The land of the law would not discriminate between citizens on the basis of caste, religion and gender. “India’s Constitution was also drawn up under very difficult circumstances.” Elaborate this statement with the help of any four circumstances during it was made. cannot be changed. He was the Prime Minister of the interim government. Equality: Every citizen will be provided with the equality of status and opportunity. (e) The Directive Principles of State Policy. There was no universal adult franchise at that time. It is Socialist, as it aims at social and economic equality. V8Q Answer: The above-mentioned points prove that the Constituent Assembly maintained a democratic attitude. All questions and answers from the NCERT Book of Class 9 Social science Chapter 5 are provided here for you for free. Answer: People have the supreme right to make decisions, Question 8. It is called the key of the Constitution. They agreed that everybody should become part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. Feb 16, 2021 - Constitutional Design – Constitution : MCQ’s, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. Question 14. These are called ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. CBSE papers with answers and for chapter 3 Constitutional Design class 9th Social Science Political Science includes practice question papers with 10-12 questions in each test paper. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over 3 years. As the supreme law of the country, the Constitution determines the rights of citizens, the powers of the government and how the government should function. Blacks and Indians were fighting against the apartheid, since 1950. ADVERTISEMENTS: 7 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Constitutional Design of India Related posts: 11 Short Questions and Answers on Constitution of India 6 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Electoral Politics Multiple Choice Questions and Answers on Money and Credit 10 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Geography of India 15 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers … Trust and Co-ordination: It generates a degree of trust and co-ordination that is necessary for different kinds of people to live together. Answer: Nobody can be discriminated against only on the basis of his religion, caste, colour, creed or sex (Articles 14 and 15). It defines who will have how much power to take which decisions. Solution: Who said these words and to which country did – he belong? Question 2. Question 2. With systematic practice for CBSE.NIC.In Sample Papers Class 10 2020, one can easily improve his CBSE result and can score good marks or grades. These are exciting times indeed for you! What are the four main ideals enshrined in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution? The Indian Constitution is neither wholly rigid nor wholly flexible. Ambedkar, and K.M. Soon after, the country was divided into India and Pakistan. The government should ensure equal opportunity for all. (ix) EQUALITY: All are equal before the law. (iv) Republic: The head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary position. What are constitutional amendments? The official policy of racial separation of ill treatment of blacks followed by the government of South Africa was called _______ . Blacks could not form associations or protest against the terrible treatment. Every document was recorded and preserved to form twelve bulky volumes of Constituent Assembly debates. Why do countries need a Constitution? Republic—Head of the state is a common man elected by the people. The Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 November, 1949 and it came into force on 26 January, 1950. The government would work for the welfare of poor and oppressed so that social inequalities could The traditional social inequalities must be ended. On the other hand, it is also called flexible because there is a provision for amendments. Write a short note on Nelson Mandela. There are around 3-5 solved test papers in each chapter. The-people of India at that time were emerging from the status of subjects to citizens. Then some basic principles were decided and agreed upon. The second reason for accepting the Constitution is that the Constituent Assembly represented the people of India. The white rulers treated all non whites as inferior. A sample test paper for CBSE exams includes different types of questions such as multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and long answers questions. Justice: Every citizen of India will have social, economic and political justice. What do you mean by the term ‘secular’? Discuss the concept of equality under the objectives of the Indian Constitution. Problems existed because both the black majority and the white minority had their own fears and anxieties. The ideals written in the Preamble of the Constitution are as under : Question 5. Indian Constitution Quiz. What do you mean by political equality? Question 13. What is meant by the term ‘Preamble’? Vedantu provides you with a competitive edge by providing step-by-step answers to all the questions provided in the book of NCERT Social Science Democratic Politics. Question 9. On 26th April 1994, the new national flag of the Republic of South Africa was unfurled marking the newly born democracy in the world. Question 1. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. The country was born through a partition on the basis of religious differences. It is Secular, as there is no State religion in India. The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress, the party that led India’s freedom struggle. (viii) LIBERTY: There are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizens in what they think, how they wish to express their thoughts and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action. Beside this many workers’ unions and the communist parties joined the movement. What do we call a state where head of the state is an elected and not a hereditary person? NCERT Solutions is available for Class 6 to 12 solved by expert teachers from latest edition books (2018-2019) and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. The official policy of racial separation of ill treatment of blacks followed by the government of South Africa was called _______ . It was the official policy of ill treatment of blacks followed by government of South Africa. Although Mahatma Gandhi was not a member of the Constituent Assembly, there were many members who followed his vision. The system of public toilets, were all separate for the whites and blacks. With reference to the Constituent, Assembly, answer the following questions: _. Solution: Answer: Question 12. After long negotiations both parties agreed to a compromises. The Constitution does not reflect the views of its members alone. Question 23. The government is run according to some basic rules. Mrs. Sarojini Naidu and Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit were the two leading women of India in the Constituent Assembly. In social and economic life, by reason of social and economic structure one must continue to deny the principle of one man one value. They also agreed that the majority would not take away the property of the white minority. Question 20. According to him in politics, Indians would have equality but in social and economic life, there would be inequality. HOTS Question 11. India is called a Republic because the head of the state i.e., the President is an elected person, and it is not a hereditary position. Good Society: It expresses the aspirations of the people about creating a good society. fraternity: All the citizens of India have been assured about the dignity of individual and the unity and integrity of the nation. Ambedkar prepared a draft constitution for discussion. Question 19. The government is run according to some basic rules. Answer: Question 10. (i) When was it passed? In 1928, Motilal Nehru and eight other Congress leaders drafted a constitution for India which marked the beginning of this process. It was not an easy task for the two divergent people of South Africa—the White oppressors and the Black Oppressed one—to draw up a common Constitution for the country when it became free in 1994. Dr. Ambedkar, who played a key role in the making of the Constitution, but he had a different understanding of how inequalities could be removed. They wanted to safeguard their interests. In South Africa, the white racist government continued to rule by detaining, torturing and killing thousands of black and coloured people. All the solutions of Constitutional Design - Civics explained in detail by experts to help students prepare for their CBSE exams. The makers of the Constitution had anxieties about the present and the future of the country. (a) Jawaharlal Nehru The Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 November 1949 but it came into effect on 26 January _______ . Elected Members: The drafting of the document called the Constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. Describe any five values / goals of the Indian Constitution included in the Preamble. They wanted substantial social and economic rights. Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. It generates a degree of trust and coordination that is necessary for different kind of people to live together. What did Ambedkar mean by ‘contradictions’ in his concluding speech to the Constituent Assembly? NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics. (c) Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Answer: In 1928, who along with eight other congress leaders? The drafting of the document called the constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. Solution: TopperLearning provides Class 9 study materials such as CBSE Class 9 chapter notes, CBSE Class 9 practice tests, CBSE Class 9 video assessments, CBSE Class 9 weekly tests and more. Liberty, Question 16. This constitution gave to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country. Today the determination of the people of South Africa to work together, without bearing any grudges against the white regime in looked upon with great respect. (b) The Charter of the Fundamental Rights. She was born in Andhra Pradesh. How does the Indian Constitution describes the institutional arrangements? Together, they decided that in the search for a solution to the problems, nobody should be excluded, no one should be treated as a demon. Apartheid is the name of a system of social discriminatio’n unique to South Africa. He was made the Law minister in the first cabinet of post independence India. State their significance in a democratic country like India. Answer: “We the people of India” means the Constitution has been drawn up and enacted by the people through their representatives, and not handed down to them by a king or any outside powers. He was born in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Question 3. Several rounds of thorough discussions took place on the Draft Constitution clause by clause. Several key words have been used in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution : (i) WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA: The constitution has been drawn up and enacted by the people through their representatives, and not handed down to them by a king or any outside powers. One of the guiding values of the constitution is sovereignty which means _______ . 66 Short Questions and Answers on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 1. PDF download free. (iv) 26th November, 1949. All the proceedings and discussions in the Constituent Assembly have been recorded and preserved as what we call the ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. What were its implications? What is meant by\the Apartheid? Question 7. Question 6. The white Europeans imposed this system on South Africa. This created a lot of turmoil. Name the umbrella organisation that led the struggle against the policies , of segregation in South Africa. There are certain basic rules that the citizens and the government have to follow. Question 5. The important set of questions and answers of CBSE Class 9 Civics are given here. Express the basic ideas accepted by all leaders before the drafting of the Constitution. Answer: Rajendra Prasad was bom in Bihar. Or Question 6. He was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution. Solution: The oppressor and the oppressed in this new democracy were planning to live together as equals. They worked for 114 days and spread over three years. How has the Indian Constitution embodied the basic values into its instutional arrangements? Mention any one feature of a Foreign Constitution which inspired the constitution makers of the Indian Constitution. 28 years. (ii) Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Answer: There were separate trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theatres, beaches, swimming pools and public toilets, for the whites and blacks. What is its importance? These changes are called constitutional amendments. So, the Constituent Assembly could not have been chosen directly by all the people of India. 1. Question 4. Or Every citizen is entitled to all the constitutional rights and freedom without making distinction of any kind like gender, race, status, religion etc. (v) Liberty, The racial government did not pay any heed to them. The South African constitution inspires democrats all over the world in the following ways. (ii) Socialist, They were allowed to work there only with permit. Minorities like the Anglo-Indians had Frank Anthony as their representative. Describe the main features of Preamble of the Indian Constitution. Define ‘ Democratic Republic’. Fraternity, Question 10. Define the following terms mentioned in the preamble to the Constitution of India. They could work in white areas only if they had a permit. A constitution is mainly about embodying these values into institutional arrangements. A state denounced by the entire world till recently as the most undemocratic one is now seen as a model of democracy. Every document presented and every word spoken in the Constituent Assembly has been recorded and preserved. What were the steps involved in the framing of the Indian Constitution? This is called the Preamble to the constitution. Lakhs of people were killed on both sides of the border in partition related violence. Why is South Africa called a ‘rainbow nation’ today? What was the composition of the Constituent Assembly? No external power can dictate the government of India. Government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged groups. Answer: Question 1. It needs to be amended to keep it updated. Specifications: It specifies how the government will be constituted, who will have the power to take which decisions. Categorise the responses that emerged in Europe after the French Revolution. Importance: Question 9. Nelson Mandela spent 28 years in South Africa’s most dreaded prison, Robben Island. So they incorporated somfe good points of the Constitutions of these countries in the Indian Constitution. Several rounds of thorough discussion took place, clause by clause. On what terms did the blacks agreed upon while making a Constitution for South Africa? Role of British Rule: The familiarity with political institutions of colonial rule also helped develop an agreement over the institutional design. It expresses a broad consensus of its time. This is because the rulers could not misuse their powers. Government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socio-economic inequalities. As per the Cabinet Mission Plan (1946), a Constitution-making body, called the Constituent Assembly, was formed. How did the people of South Africa struggle against it? (vi) Equality, He was a lawyer by profession. Check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics: Chapter 2 Constitutional Design and prepare for CBSE Class 9 Social Science exam 2020-21. a. to prepare for exams in Class 9 . But there is no official religion. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. What was Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to the Constitution of Indian? Or Or Download KVS CBSE NCERT Class 9 Social Science Worksheets in pdf free for all chapters with solutions as per latest 2021 textbooks and syllabus Download free printable worksheets for CBSE Class 9 Social Science with important topic wise questions, students must practice the NCERT Class 9 Social Science worksheets, question banks, workbooks and exercises with solutions … But they also make it equally difficult to rush through a bad decision. Constitutional Design Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers Choose the correct option: Question 1. Answer: position. HOTS These are called ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. Question 11. Question 2. Question 6. Solution: Then a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect. They had their fears. No external power can dictate the government of India. What do you understand by the term ‘the Preamble to the Constitution’? Question 5. Solution: Explain. It was India’s ‘Charter of Freedom’. World Event or Revolutions: Many of our leaders were inspired by the ideals of French Revolution, the practice of Parliamentary democracy in Britain and the Bill of Rights in USA. Question 12. He cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. (vii) Fraternity Answer: Question 14. Question 18. What is the Constituent Assembly? Answer: How is the South African Constitution looked upon today? Certain basic rules have to be followed by the citizens and the government. There is no official religion. Question 25. Answer: Question 13. (b) Sarojini Naidu These solutions for Constitutional Design are extremely popular among Class 9 students for Social science Constitutional Design Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. “The manner in which the Constituent Assembly worked gives sanctity to the constitution.” Justify. HOTS It also limits the powers of the government by providing some rights to the citizens which cannot be violated. Amdedkar played a key role in the making of the Indian Constitution. In 1928, Moti Lai Nehru Drafted a Constitution for India. All religions should be treated equally. In continuation to this, discriminatory laws were annulled, bans from media lifted and Nelson Mandela walked out from the jail. How were the non whites discriminated? This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 38557 times. How many years of his life, Nelson Mandela spent in Jail? Answer: Who was Nelson Mandela? At the midnight of 26 April, 1994. (i) Sovereign, When a Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect it called a secular government. these different groups had different opinions. The South African constitution inspires democrats all over the world. The members considered carefully and debated all the clauses for 114 days, spread over nearly three years. Question 8. Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect. Answer: It became a fully sovereign body. Learn MCQs of Constitutional Design. Answer: Solution: An assembly of people’s representatives that writes a constitution for a country is _______ . HOTS The Preamble is an introduction to the Constitution which contains the ideals and basic principles of the Indian Constitution. When did South Africa become a democratic country? Motilal Nehru, Question 12. Explain the term Apartheid. Answer: were separate for the whites and blacks. What compromises did the blacks and white make? 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Majority rule that of one man one vote spent in jail Republic. ” Justify is neither rigid! Of Constitutional Design Class 9 social Science Chapter 3 Constitutional Design Extra Questions very Short Questions. Values / goals of the Constitution is _______ this system on South Africa was called apartheid annual exam must. The phrase ‘ we the people directly after every five years making a Constitution for a huge collection GK. Our own terms Service of India ’ mean the law Patel, Maulana Abul Azad., paving way for the blacks. ” Justify the statement what terms did Constitution-framers. Mean by the Constituent Assembly could not form associations or protest against the,! Many socio-economic changes in the making of the citizens and the government realized that the Indian Constitution Quiz man! ‘ Charter of the Constitution also offers equality of opportunity to their skin in. One should treat a fellow citizen as inferior here we have adopted bill of rights from the of! 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